Bournehall Primary School

Inspiring a Love of Learning


Bournehall Avenue, Bushey, Hertfordshire WD23 3AX

020 8950 4438





At Bournehall Primary School we value geography because it:

  •  inspires a curiosity and fascination about the world, its people and its environments and an understanding the and the processes that create and affect them
  • encourages children to compare their life and local area with that in other regions in the United Kingdom and in the rest of the world.
  • motivates children to find out about the physical world
  • enables recognition the importance of sustainable development for the future of mankind
  • develops skills and attitudes that will allow children to participate fully in and contribute positively to life in modern Britain
  • develops spatial awareness in and about the environment.
  • develops a sense of place and space in the world at a range of scales, through the study of locations, places and environments.
  • encourages a holistic appreciation of how the world works
  • links together concepts such as scale, community, cultural diversity, interdependence and sustainability.
  • has the capacity to make tangible and effective connections across subjects, adding to schema, bringing  context to - and enriching understanding in e.g. science, history , music, art and design.
  • develops the skills of research, investigation, analysis and problem-solving  


  • knows where places are and what they are like.
  • understands the ways in which places are interdependent and interconnected and how much human and physical environments are interrelated.
  • has an extensive base of geographical knowledge and vocabulary.
  • asks questions which lead to geographical enquiry and the ability to use effective analytical and presentational techniques.
  • reaches clear conclusions and develops a reasoned argument to explain findings.
  • frequently uses fieldwork and other geographical skills and techniques.
  • has a passion for and commitment to the subject, and a real sense of curiosity to find out about the world and the people who live there.
  • expresses well-balanced opinions, rooted in very good knowledge and understanding about current and contemporary issues in society and environment.

Chris Quigley – Essentials Curriculum

Delivery of our geography curriculum

 At Bournehall, we use Chris Quigley's Geography Curriculum Companion as well as a range of other resources to support our planning and delivery. 

The Essentials Curriculum is based around the following Threshold Concepts:

  • investigating places
  • investigating patterns
  • communicating geographically


Through their time at the school, children should:

  • develop an understanding of the physical and human features of different places (locational knowledge) through studying a range of case studies
  • understand how physical and human processes are interdependent and lead to change over time
  • build their geographical skills by undertaking fieldwork, interpreting aerial photographs, maps and data
  • use appropriate geographical vocabulary to communicate their ideas

Geography may be taught in discrete units (for example, when focusing on a particular process or location) or as part of continuous provision and links made through other subjects. 



  • begin to gain a wider experience of the world around them
  • learn through first-hand experiences to explore, observe, problem solve, predict, think critically and make decisions.  talk about the creatures, people, plants and objects in their natural environments
  • learn about seasons, the weather, features in the local area and the buildings that surround them.
  • are encouraged to record their findings through drawing and modelling.


Key stages 1 and 2

Through discrete lessons and through continuous learning  - and through making  intra-curricular links


  • learn about the diversity of places and people, physical and human processes and the formation and use of landscapes.
  • use maps, globes, aerial photographs and digital mapping to
    • develop geographical skills of collecting and analysing data
    • name and identify countries, continents and oceans and physical features
  • use fieldwork, take part in educational visits
  • study their local area and compare it with others, nationally and globally


Conditions for learning

Children tell us that they enjoy geography and learn best when they:

  • they work together using atlases and Google Earth
  • they know what they have done well and what they need to do to improve
  • the practise our map skills using the world maps and globes in their classrooms
  • they play games to learn new vocabulary
  • they see our learning up on their working wall
  • they have time to investigate and explore
  • they select from a range of equipment
  • they find out about other people around the world and how they live